Texts in Process 2020-11-28T17:13:14+00:00 Esperanza R. Alcaide Lara Open Journal Systems <p><em>Texts Process</em> (<strong>TEP</strong>) publishes scientific materials on language and linguistics of Spanish.&nbsp;<strong>TEP</strong> accepts working papers, drafts of partial research results, conference presentations, technical reports or research records.&nbsp;All manuscripts are reviewed and approved by members of the Editorial Committee, the Academic Committee and through a double-blind peer-review process involving international experts.&nbsp;<strong>TEP</strong> publishes one volume per year, with two issues in July and December.&nbsp;<strong>TEP</strong> is an electronic open access publication charges for authors without charges or embargoes to authors or readers.</p> Editorial and Contents 2020-07-15T14:31:28+00:00 Esperanza Alcaide Lara Ana Pano Alamán 2020-07-14T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Media representation of the victim's inadequacy. Strategy to legitimize new violence 2020-11-28T17:13:12+00:00 Neyla G. Pardo Abril Camilo Alejandro Rodríguez Flechas <p>El propósito de este estudio es determinar la representación de la construcción mediática de la inadecuación en un conjunto de narrativas. Se estudia una muestra de cuatro storytelling del Especial de (2017) “Treinta encuentros con la paz”. El objetivo del estudio es verificar las estrategias semiótico-discursivas apropiadas por el medio de comunicación y, establecer la relación que se genera entre la formulación del sujeto inadecuado – víctima-&nbsp;&nbsp; y las formas de proponer su revictimización. Se formula una correlación entre la inadecuación social y la evaluación mass mediática de carácter negativo, que implica legitimación de formas de violencia. El estudio propone la representación de la inadecuación como parte de la estrategia de construcción de miedo. Se reconoce el efecto que procede de la mediatización y, en particular, se verifican las consecuencias socio políticas, culturales y psicológicas que se instalan en las maneras como se construye la inadecuación de la víctima en la narrativa virtual. La reflexión conceptual procede de los trabajos más recientes que, sobre la visualidad gráfica, se han venido elaborando en estudios multimodales y multimediales, así como desde la semiótica visual que atraviesa los principios de la multimodalidad.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Palabras clave:</strong> Inadecuación, miedo, percepción de evaluación negativa, mass media, Storytelling, estudios críticos del discurso multimodal y multimedial (ECDMM) &nbsp;</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> 2020-07-14T15:38:47+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## From space to causation: the polysemic item of the Spanish preposition por 2020-11-28T17:13:11+00:00 María Soledad Funes <p>There is no consensual description of the semantic characterization of preposition <em>por </em>in grammar studies. There is a lack of systematization of its uses, which are usually listed as unrelated items (as seen on <em>Esbozo</em> (Real Academia Española, 1973), in De Bruyne (De Bruyne, 1999) and in <em>Nueva Gramática de la Lengua Española</em>, (Real Academia Española, 2009)). But there is also the opposite problem: the reduction to a single value, as seen in Fernández Lagunilla &amp; Anula Rebollo (Fernández Lagunilla &amp; Rebollo, 1995), where the meaning of <em>por</em> is reduced to [+cause] (1995: §</p> <p>Given this lack of consensus, this article proposes a semantical description of the preposition <em>por</em>, following the theoretical guidelines of the Prototypical Cognitive Approach, and mainly Lakoff’s theory of radial categorization (Lakoff, 1987). Thus, different semantic values of the preposition <em>por </em>are organized systematically, so that they pragmatically-semantically constitute a polysemic item. The most prototypical pragmatic-semantic attribute is [+Locative]. <em>Por </em>constructions that diverge from said prototypical meaning are still dependent on it, through addition/subtraction of attributes, diminution/augmentation of certain others, or presence of attributes which are not to be found in the prototypical area. To demonstrate this hypothesis, a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the corpus PRESEEA-Buenos Aires (2010-2011) was made.</p> 2020-07-14T15:55:16+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## De ciertos ejercicios poscríticos cinematográficos. Estudio semántico discursivo 2020-11-28T17:13:11+00:00 Yamila Cobos Castillo Teresita Urra Vargas <p>The work proposes to offer an ilocutive-modal characterization of the enunciating subject in cinematographic criticism Five times two: Disheartening history in five acts and Two friends who love Rufo Caballero. The dimensional analysis has been used as a fundamental methodology to study the content of the value meaning of the selected sentences, based on the theoretical foundations of the Group of Semantic Studies and Speech Analysis of the FLEX in the UH. In addition, it has been taken into account to complement the study in general, the analysis of some discursive structures from the perspective of the critical discourse analysis and the transtextuality studies developed by G. Genette. Below are the results of the analysis that demonstrate the aesthetic-ideological and discursive particularities of Rufo Caballero in two of his so-called post-critical exercises.</p> 2020-07-14T15:58:04+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The syntactic-semantic structures of accusing and criticizing as verbs of negative assessment: an insight into the Archivo de Textos Hispánicos of the University of Santiago 2020-11-28T17:13:10+00:00 Noelia Estévez Rionegro <p>From an analysis of a corpora of actual language examples, wich is the empirical support of the hipothesis that will be explain in this work, we will try to do an approximation to de syntax and semantics caracterization os different constructions that the verbs <em>criticar</em> and <em>acusar</em> shows. To that, we will decribe the different syntax estructuration posibilities from each verb and the semmantic configuration associated, establishing their differences and similarities as negative valorative verbs.</p> 2020-07-14T16:19:47+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## From amigo to gil. Treatment formulas and fustigation impoliteness among the youth 2020-11-28T17:13:09+00:00 Gabriel Alejandro Hernandez <p>The present work is based on a theoretical-methodological proposal that brings together developments in sociocultural pragmatics, ethnographic methodology and analysis of social networks. The objective of this essay is to analyze the functions of nominal treatment formulas (Rigatuso 2011) in discourteous acts of fustigation (Kaul de Marlangeon 2005) in young people from a school in the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina. As an object of study, we will take the nominal formulas of treatment; in particular, the use of "amigo" as a vocative form and "gil" as a referential treatment in polylogical interactions (Hernández-Flores 2013) within a youth network (Hannemann 2000). From the theoretical-methodological work carried out, it is expected to show that: 1) the use of "amigo" among young people who are at a minimum distance within the network of friends, has the function of reinforcing the rude act of fustigation by refractoriness to the values ​​of the group and 2) in addition to attacking the image of the interlocutor, the use of the “gil” referential treatment in front of an audience (Goffman 2004) made up of young people from the network of friends involves an image activity of affiliation with the group values.</p> 2020-07-14T16:22:45+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A terminographic definition model for a glosary of mexican virreinal liturgical documents 2020-11-28T17:13:13+00:00 Claudio Molina Salinas Antonio Ruiz Caballero Salvador Hernández Pech <p>Given that many different types of definitions are described in the literature related to terminography, even those common to lexicography, and also that, potentially, any of these models could be used to construct definitions of concepts of the liturgical music area, this work aims at deepening in which the most frequent types are, as well as their possible combinations, in order to offer a useful model to editors who collaborate in academic projects in which lexicon is defined, an which are, in principle, related to the area of liturgical music. After formalizing a suitable conceptual framework for this article and the addressed problematic, the steps that were followed in this work in a case study which evaluates and classifies the definitions done by some specialists are presented. Taking this analysis foundation into account, a proposal is set which, within the area of liturgical music, works as an effective definitory model. Lastly, an explanation is provided on how the model was put to the test and how its effectiveness was evaluated, as well as the adaptations for its possible implementation.</p> 2020-07-14T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Epistolary genre and historical (im)politeness: state of the art and critical reflection 2020-11-28T17:13:08+00:00 Paula Albitre Lamata <p>This article aims to offer a methodological reflection on the advantages that epistolary documentation presents in studies of the Historical Pragmatics of Spanish and, more specifically, in the study of historical (dis)courtesy. Likewise, the state of the question presented by the research on historical (dis)courtesy is described and a bibliographic review is made, including the most significant works published to date in the Hispanic world. Finally, some research that should be developed in the future for a broader and more complete knowledge of the subject are pointed out.</p> 2020-07-14T16:28:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A lexicographic approach to slurs in Uruguayan Spanish 2020-11-28T17:13:14+00:00 Ana Clara Polakof Andrés de Azevedo <p>The goal of this paper is to explore the analysis of slurs (linguistic expressions which are used to express a pejorative attitude towards a person as a part of a group) from a lexicographic approach. Such an approach takes into account some of the philosophy of language current debates with respect to slurs in order to enlighten its possible consequences in the elaboration and analysis of dictionaries. Based on Pullum (2018), and his appropriation of the distinction between semantic information and metadata, we analyze the <em>Diccionario del Español del Uruguay</em> (DEU, 2011) with regards to six lexical entries which correspond to social classes slurs. The primary results show a non-homogeneous management of the criteria to differentiate net semantic content from other relevant information which are linked to the actual use and depend upon the context of the lexical item. This paper, which is an outcome of an interdisciplinary effort to understand the use of slurs, marks a first step towards de lexicographic and linguistic study of slurs, an issue in Spanish that has not received much attention yet.</p> 2020-07-14T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The expression of instrumental and symbolic violence on Facebook and Twitter 2020-11-28T17:13:07+00:00 Marco Fabio Barrera Márquez Lidia Rodríguez Alfano <p>With a multidisciplinary approach, the discursive procedures by which instrumental (Fuentes &amp; Alcaide, 2008) and symbolic violence (Bourdieu, 1990) are expressed are described in a sample constructed to carry out a pilot study within a broader investigation. In the selected corpus of Facebook and Twitter, users identify themselves as members of two intersubjective groups (Bucholtz and Hall, 2005): “chairos”, sympathizers of the left, and “derechairos” of conservative political ideas. The methodology is descriptive supported by quantifications.</p> 2020-07-14T16:32:34+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##