Texts in Process 2021-08-02T14:40:06+00:00 Esperanza R. Alcaide Lara Open Journal Systems <p><em>Texts Process</em> (<strong>TEP</strong>) publishes scientific materials on language and linguistics of Spanish.&nbsp;<strong>TEP</strong> accepts working papers, drafts of partial research results, conference presentations, technical reports or research records.&nbsp;All manuscripts are reviewed and approved by members of the Editorial Committee, the Academic Committee and through a double-blind peer-review process involving international experts.&nbsp;<strong>TEP</strong> publishes one volume per year, with two issues in July and December.&nbsp;<strong>TEP</strong> is an electronic open access publication charges for authors without charges or embargoes to authors or readers.</p> Editorial and Contents 2021-08-02T14:40:02+00:00 Esperanza Alcaide Lara Ana Pano Alamán 2021-08-02T10:47:08+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## An approach to 'según' (according to) as an evidential strategy in El Habla de Monterrey corpus 2021-08-02T14:40:02+00:00 Liz Maleni Uribe Martínez <p>Evidentiality is a grammatical category that refers to the source of information on which a speaker relies to make a statement (Aikhenvald, 2003). This work aims to approach the use of <em>según</em> (‘according to’) as an evidential strategy used in Spanish in a sample of 18 semi-directed conversations of El Habla de Monterrey-PRESEEA corpus. The analysis of 23 uses of <em>según</em> is presented, studying their pragmatic functions: the type of evidentiality that <em>según</em> expresses and the notions of the speaker’s commitment. The preliminary results suggest that <em>según</em> as a preposition can express direct and indirect evidentiality. In addition, the speaker can reduce their commitment by combining <em>según</em> with personal pronouns or with <em>esto</em> (‘this’). In this work, it is proposed that those two combinations allow evidentiality to be associated with attenuation (Albelda et al., 2014; Briz &amp; Albelda, 2013; Cestero et al., 2014).</p> 2021-08-02T10:49:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Woman and Andalusian: identity, role image and stereotype in the discourse of the written press 2021-08-02T14:40:04+00:00 María Lucía Carrillo Expósito <p>El presente artículo estudia los textos periodísticos digitales que dan cuenta de las noticias y opiniones de los comicios internos a la presidencia de los partidos políticos tradicionales españoles: del Partido Socialista Obrero Español del 2017 y del Partido Popular del 2018. Concretamente examina el tratamiento que expensan los periódicos hacia las mujeres políticas españolas que confluyen en estas elecciones: Susana Díaz (PSOE), María Dolores de Cospedal (PP) y Soraya Sáez de Santamaría (PP), centrándonos en Susana Díaz con el fin de descubrir los mecanismos discursivos, estratégicos y argumentativos que incitan los prejuicios de los estereotipos que soporta: mujer y andaluza. La hipótesis reside en la rentabilidad de los estereotipos para acometer los ataques a la imagen pública de la mujer política con el fin de persuadir e influir en la opinión del lector, propósito principal del lenguaje periodístico. El objetivo del estudio diverge en dos direcciones: la primera reflexiona sobre el concepto de estereotipo como imagen social del individuo y se indaga para que tome parcela en el esquema de las imágenes sociales discursivas propuesta por Fuentes (2010); luego se realiza un análisis cuantitativo e interpretativo de los textos con el fin de revelar los actos de descortesía verbal y su efecto en un discurso poco estudiado: periodístico escrito. Metodológicamente el trabajo se inserta en el marco teórico de los estudios de la (des)cortesía verbal de enfoque social y discursivo (Haverkate, 1994; Bravo, 1999, 2002, 2004, 2005; Briz, 2003, 2004, 2011; Brenes Peña, 2009, 2011, Fuentes Rodríguez, 2010, 2011, 2016 y otros) y, asumimos para los macro-actos discursivos la propuesta de Teun van Dijk (1999, 2003), la metodología del análisis del discurso.</p> 2021-08-02T10:50:48+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Historical pragmatics of Spanish: a first approach to the study of directive speech acts in private letters (19th-21st Centuries) 2021-08-02T14:40:04+00:00 Paula Albitre Lamata <p>This paper aims to analyse the evolution of directive speech acts in private letters of the nineteenth, twentieth and twenty-first centuries. In order to do this, by using a corpus of thirty private letters, it analyzes both the ways in which the directive speech acts are manifested in different periods and their situations of appearance in the epistolar genre. The results suggests a decrease in the use of direct expressions, especially the imperative, over time, in favor of indirect conventional forms such as volitive and desiderative assertions. All of this seems to point to a different attribution of courtesy values to (in)direct strategies throughout history.</p> 2021-08-02T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Forms of treatment in the realistic river plate theater of the early 20th Century and its variation from a pragmatic and a sociocultural perspective 2021-08-02T14:40:04+00:00 María de los Ángeles Ángeles Corradi <p>This research aims to analyze the alternation in the forms of treatment as a strategy of pragmatic variation capable of conveying the (im) politeness intentions of the issuer in a corpus of Argentinian dramatic texts from the early twentieth century. We apply a qualitative, exploratory and descriptive methodology to a corpus of 17 plays in which we identify a total of 40 examples of alternation in the forms of treatment. We select only 10 of those examples for this work, which we consider the most representative of our analysis. Most of the examples could be analyzed applying the typology coined by Kaul de Marlangeon (2011), but for the others we had to develop our own categories. The results allowed us to group the examples of alternation into three large groups: those that show pragmatic variation in the field of politeness, those that show pragmatic variation in the field of impoliteness and, finally, the cases in which alternation in politeness forms of treatment do not show pragmatic variation.</p> 2021-08-02T10:56:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A pragmatic analysis of ironic and humoristic speech acts in the comments published on the Facebook pages of four Costa Rican newspapers 2021-08-02T14:40:05+00:00 Mariana Cortés Kandler Yordan Arroyo Carvajal <p>This article examines the computer-mediated communication on the social media platform “Facebook” from a cyber-pragmatic and socio-critic perspective. The use of irony, humor and socio-humor is analyzed in 30 comments distributed in 16 examples, which were extracted from the Facebook pages of 4 Costa Rican newspapers:&nbsp;<em>La Nación</em>,&nbsp;<em>Diario Extra</em>,&nbsp;<em>Semanario Universidad</em>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<em>CRHoy</em>, to refer to their functions at both discursive and social levels. In the sample, the use of irony was prevalent, as a resource to transmit the social discontent that was felt towards the political situation that the country was going through at the time the comments were collected. We also found cases of humor and socio-humor (reinforcement caused by a mixture of humor and irony), as well as the abundant use of non-verbal (mainly emojis) resources which allowed users to emphasize the ironical speech act. This study follows other research that examines the use of irony, humor and socio-humor in social networks, and it leads the way to future research in Costa Rica in this field, where articles on cyber-pragmatics and computer-mediated discourse analysis are still scarce.&nbsp;</p> 2021-08-02T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##