Texts in Process 2019-09-21T21:18:01+00:00 Esperanza R. Alcaide Lara Open Journal Systems <p><em>Texts Process</em> (<strong>TEP</strong>) publishes scientific materials on language and linguistics of Spanish.&nbsp;<strong>TEP</strong> accepts working papers, drafts of partial research results, conference presentations, technical reports or research records.&nbsp;All manuscripts are reviewed and approved by members of the Editorial Committee, the Academic Committee and through a double-blind peer-review process involving international experts.&nbsp;<strong>TEP</strong> publishes one volume per year, with two issues in July and December.&nbsp;<strong>TEP</strong> is an electronic open access publication charges for authors without charges or embargoes to authors or readers.</p> Masthead 2019-09-02T02:30:27+00:00 ASICE Programa EDICE <p><em><strong>Contents</strong></em></p> <p><em>Research paper</em></p> <p><em>Gender normative and non-normative morphemes usages study: preference, tolerance and refuse on autoidentification </em></p> <p>Adrián Rodríguez Iglesias<strong> –</strong> 123-158</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><em>Working Papers</em></p> <p><em>The own and the other in narratives about witchcraft of the northeast of Mexico</em></p> <p>Gabriel Ignacio Verduzco Arguelles, María Eugenia Flores Treviño <strong>–</strong> 159-173</p> <p><em>Forms of address as a strategic activity and as an index of categorization within societies of approximation or distancing</em></p> <p>Ramiro Carlos Humberto Caggiano Blanco, María Zulma M. Kulikowski <strong>– </strong>174-193</p> <p><em>P</em><em>reliminary study about the rejection in the Brazilian and the Spanish cultures: external modifiers employed in email and private messages in Facebook</em></p> <p>Sara González Berrio, Susana Martín Leralta, Nildicéia Aparecida Rocha <strong>– </strong>194-218</p> 2018-12-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Gender normative and non-normative morphemes usages study: preference, tolerance and refuse on autoidentification 2019-09-21T21:18:00+00:00 Adrián Rodríguez Iglesias <p>This study focuses on the use of a sociopragmatic methodology to research morphological phenomena. In particular, the study starts from the verification of new non-normative gender morphemes uses to make visible a part of the society that, according to the criticism of feminist linguistics to its normative usages, excludes them in its representation. So, the starting point of this study is to consider an associated perception of two phenomena: <em>grammatical gender</em> and <em>(sociocultural) gender</em>. This premise is treated as a sociocultural conditioning that enables the implementation of sociopragmatic research tools. The designed tool has enabled to determinate, on a scale of degrees, the preference, tolerance and refusal to these new gender morpheme uses in a given population segment, supporting the validity of sociopragmatic tools to study morphological phenomena.</p> 2018-12-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The own and the other in narratives about witchcraft of the northeast of Mexico 2019-09-21T21:18:01+00:00 Gabriel Ignacio Verduzco Arguelles María Eugenia Flores Treviño <p>The stories about witchcraft in northeastern of Mexico always present how some situations that seem daily and normal end up covering up their true reality that is negative and harmful, that is, people, things or situations that seem good, in reality they are evil situations. The cover-up mentioned above occurs in an irruption of the alien in the own, where the alien is that which does not belong to the daily reality of the speaker and that is therefore considered as threatening and dangerous. The own usually appears as the daily, the usual and ordinary in the lives of these people. This paper shows the linguistic expressions with which the own, the alien and that inversion of the reality of the speakers of the southeast of the Mexican state of Coahuila are referred to in a series of 21 oral narratives on witchcraft. These references use differences between fright, fear, terror and horror to discursively express this process. When the borders between the own and the alien are blurred, the linguistic expressions return to these narratives in horror stories and raise the notion, from witchcraft, of an upside down world.</p> 2018-12-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Forms of address as a strategic activity and as an index of categorization within societies of approximation or distancing 2019-09-21T21:17:59+00:00 Ramiro Carlos Humberto Caggiano Blanco María Zulma M. Kulikowski <p>The objective of this work is to describe similarities and differences in the address forms in non-polite acts formulated by university students from the cities of Córdoba (Argentina) and Sao Paulo (Brazil), which favor the use of extrinsic politeness. We will analyze, specifically, nominal, pronominal and vocative forms, used in directive acts for personal benefit (requests) and non-preferred responses (rejections) as linguistic procedures for pragmatic attenuation. As discursive-argumentative strategies, we will analyze how the forms of treatment serve the purposes of approximation - or non-distancing - social of the interactants, in the search for the balance of the images. As it is a corpus formed by university students' statements, the address forms, which we will work, will be the informal ones corresponding to each of the speech communities: <em>você</em> (São Paulo, Brazil) and <em>vos</em> (Córdoba, Argentina). The different formulas that pass between the gradation of greater or less colloquiality in each of the cities will also be indicated. Our hypothesis is that such differences and similarities will allow us to record important data for the categorization of each of the speech communities in the continuum proposed by Haverkate (2004) and Briz (2007) of approximation and distancing societies. We emphasize that this work is part of an intercultural research developed within the methodological parameters of the project Es.Por.Atenuación, which establishes the theoretical framework for the realization of both comparative studies between Spanish and Portuguese, as well as the different regional variants of each of those languages.</p> 2018-12-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A preliminary study of refusals in the Brazilian and Spanish cultures: an analysis of external modifiers employed in e-mails and private messages on Facebook 2019-09-21T21:18:00+00:00 Sara González Berrio Susana Martín Leralta Nildicéia Aparecida Rocha <p style="font-weight: 400;">This article presents an approach to the supportive moves used in refusals made by 20 native speakers of Brazilian Portuguese and 20 native speakers of Peninsular Spanish. The participants of the study conducted a Discourse Completion Test (DCT) with sixteen situations related to the academic field. In each&nbsp;one&nbsp;of them, they had to decide whether to send an email or a private message through Facebook. The data gathered shows that, in refusals with a higher power rank, both Spaniards and Brazilians thank more when the addressee is unknown. However, excuses are more frequent when there is a lower social distance. Among the differences found, we would like to emphasize the higher use of apologies in high power rank situations and the offer of compensatory and alternative proposals among Spanish speakers, especially with familiar addressees.&nbsp;</p> 2018-12-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##